An estimate of 50 million people all over the world suffer from diabetes. This chronic condition can lead to various complications such as blindness, kidney failure and neuropathy. One of the most worrisome complication is diabetes heart disease which can lead to heart attack.
Heart Disease In Diabetes
Heart disease, most specifically coronary heart disease, is considered a serious complication of people suffering from diabetes.
Many diabetes patients do not even know that they actually have a type of heart disease, a condition referred to as the silent emyocardial ischmia. Moreover, type 2 diabetes is similar to coronary artery disease, in the sense that its adverse side effects are as worse as that of a heart disease. Framingham Heart Study, one of the most significant studies done on the heart, states that having diabetes increases the risk of heart disease twice in men and thrice in women.
Diabetes, a Major Cardiovascular Risk
Diabetes is said to be a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. More so compared to other factors like hypertension, advancing age, smoking, enlarged heart and hypercholesterolemia. The reason is because those who suffer from diabetes have a higher incidence of complex blockage in the blood vessels. This increases risks of cardiac arrest. Those who suffer from diabetes must learn how to manage his or her lipids and blood sugar level in order to minimize the risks associated to heart disease.
What Causes Diabetes Heart Disease?
Several risk factors increase the chances of diabetes heart disease:
- High blood sugar levels
High levels of blood sugar can injure the walls of vessels and thicken the blood. Both factors increase the risk of stroke and heart diseases.
Excessive fat in the abdomen are signs of high blood pressure and diabetes, both cardiovascular risk factors. Belly obesity can directly affect heart muscles.
- Uncontrolled Level of Blood Pressure
When left undetected and uncontrolled, blood pressure can lead to stroke or heart attack. It can also lead to thickening of one’s arteries which increases the risk of long-term complications relating to cardiovascular diseases.
This condition refers to the increase of plasma cholesterol and triglycerides and both. Those who have a family history of cardiovascular diseases must be screened by ensuring their level of lipids are normal.
Smoking damages the inner walls of arteries. Hence leading to vascular disease.
- Micro Albuminuria
This condition happens when the urine contains higher levels of albumin excretion. It is an early warning of vascular disease.
Diabetes, The Silent Killer
Diabetes has also been shown to affect one’s nerves. Several studies also show that almost 50 percent of patients who have not shown any symptoms may end up with a significant heart disease on the Coronary Angiogram.
Diabetes patients who tend to perspire a lot or experience occasional discomfort in their abdomen should consult their a doctor and do a Electrocardiography (ECG).