Swollen feet or edema is a common symptom in diabetes. Edema is actually a condition that is a result of the buildup of fluid in the body and leads to the swelling of the feet. Aside from the feet, it can also affect some other parts of your body, such your ankles, legs and wrist. Water retention is treatable and the type of treatment will vary depending on its cause.
Symptoms of Edema, Swollen Feet
The most common symptom of edema for people with diabetes is the swelling of the feet. Other symptoms can also occur, such as the following:
- Aching limbs
- Skin discoloration
- Stiff joints
- Weight gain
What Causes The Swelling in The Legs, Feet and Ankles in Diabetes?
Swollen legs and ankles are usually caused or aggravated by prolong periods of standing. There are also certain medications that can increase the risk of developing Edema. Furthermore, it may also be due to the following conditions:
- Heart failure
- Kidney disease
- Liver cirrhosis
- Thyroid disease
High intake of salt can also aggravate the swelling for people who have kidney disease and diabetes.
How to Treat Edema, Swollen Feet
The methods in which edema can be treated will mainly depend on its cause. Identifying the cause behind it and providing the appropriate treatment can address your problems on swollen feet.
Avoiding long period of standing and doing regular exercise can help in preventing edema or swollen feet. Low dietary intake of salt is also recommended most especially if the retention of fluid is due to kidney disease. If you are obese or overweight, consider losing weight as this can also help in minimizing fluid retention.
How to Prevent Edema, Swollen Feet
You can minimize your risk of developing Edema if you take the necessary steps in preventing heart failure and kidney disease. This can be achieved through proper control of blood sugar levels, switching to a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Try to avoid long periods of standing as well since this can also aggravate the condition.
It is important for people with diabetes to take extra care of their feet. Swelling can be a sign that there is a circulation problem in the body and this eventually lead to neuropathy if left untreated. If this can become very serious, this may also lead to the amputation of your leg, feet or any part of your body that is swelling.
Diabetes patients must take time to check their feet every single day. A visit to the doctor to get the feet checked can also help in preventing any serious problem.