It is a known that those with Type 2 diabetes also have high triglyceride levels. Almost 80 percent of diabetes patients struggle with this problem. Elevated triglyceride can also increase your chances of diabetes complications such as stroke and heart diseases.
What are Triglycerides?
Triglycerides are fat molecules, which make up most of your body fats. These fats exist in most foods. Along with cholesterol, triglyceride is also one of the lipids that circulate in your blood. The medical term for those with high level of triglyceride is hypertriglyceridemia.
As mentioned, hypertriglyceridemia can increase your risk of stroke and heart diseases, as well as nerve damage too. There is a direct link between chronically high triglyceride and insulin resistance.
Reasons Behind High Triglyceride Levels
There are various reasons behind hypertriglyceridemia. Below are the most common causes of high triglyceride in diabetes patients.
- Poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes – if your diabetes is not under control, you will likely to have high levels of blood sugar and insulin in your body.
- Consuming more calories than burning calories – triglycerides are quick energy source in between meals. If you do not use up the calories, your body will store leftover calories as triglycerides.
- High intake of carbohydrates – if you eat foods that are high in carbohydrates, your digestive system break down the food and extract glucose. The intestines into the bloodstream will then absorb the glucose.
- Obesity – if you are overweight or obese, you are likely to develop an elevated level of triglyceride. There is a stronger correlation between hypertriglyceridemia and excess waist circumference than with the BMI or body mass index.
- Insulin resistance – this occurs if your body will not respond to the insulin that your body produce. As a result, sugar will not be able to enter into the cells and instead remain in the blood stream.
Genetics – problems with triglycerides can also run in families. Those with family history may have yellowish fatty deposits on their skin. High triglycerides and HDL cholesterol levels due to genetic predisposition are related to an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes.
- Beverages and Food – certain beverages and foods seem to affect the level of triglyceride more than others. If you have diabetes, your body have less tolerance for these foods. Some of these foods are cakes, cookies, beverages, candies, etc.
How to Lower Triglyceride Levels
If you have both diabetes and high level of triglyceride, you should exercise regularly and eat healthily. Your diet should consist less sugar, carbohydrates, trans fat and saturated fats. You should eat more of foods rich in healthy fats such as avocado, fatty fish, seeds, nuts and olive oil.